GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITY POLICING

The community policing initiative is based on the following broad principles:
a) Concept
The concept of “Nyumba Kumi”, though being a Kiswahili phrase for “ten
households” does not literally mean ten households. This is the basic level of security arrangement that can be aptly described as usalama wa msingi in Kiswahili which will ultimately form msingi wa usalama wa taifa (foundation of national security).

The number of households clustered should not be imposed, fixed or limited by
external forces but determined by shared aspirations and locality. Existing
community policing arrangements should not be disrupted but improved and
modified in line with this guideline. For instance some clusters are cohesive units brought together by pursuits of similar goals and objectives. They address shared and common concerns particular to their situation. Other factors influencing such groupings are population density, culture and demography among others.

b). Scope
The Nyumba Kumi cluster cuts across the various shades of society in terms of creed, politics, ethnicity, racism, gender or any other sectarian affiliation. It must therefore never be used as a platform to enhance any of these aspects.

c). Foundation of Common Welfare and Social Order
The clusters’ immediate priorities will include but not limited to security,
environment, education, youth conduct and behavior and good aspects of culture. These will lay the foundation of good social welfare which must always be encouraged to show that Nyumba Kumi deals with the holistic aspect of life.
d). Proactive Interventions
The cluster’s interventions will be more on prevention of negative social activities and promotion of positive values. Short term interventions will be to address concerns on the fear of crime, poor performance in education and unhealthy environmental concerns with a long term goal of promoting social cultural and economic well being of the society.

e). Self sustaining
The clusters will develop and promote group sustainability without any financial
expectations from the government. The government will not financially facilitate
operational activities of the clusters. The service to the clusters is therefore
voluntary.

f).Participation
While recognizing constitutional provisions on freedom of association and right to privacy, it is incumbent upon citizens to participate in matters of their security not only as part of their civic duty but also in the spirit of patriotism to their country.

g). Equitable Representation
Representation at all levels must be guided by principles of equity as regards gender, professionalism, regard to people with disability and other just criteria adopted by members.

h). Legal Foundation
Community policing (Nyumba Kumi) operations and activities must abide by
principles of law as set out in both letter and spirit of the constitution.

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF NYUMBA KUMI

a) Written constitutions: All Community Policing Committees shall have written
constitutions to address various issues. It will include but not limited to the following matters:
i. Cluster area (manageable and compatible)
ii. Membership;15 members
iii. Code of conduct;
iv. Election of office bearers; who would have been vetted and cleared by
the relevant department.
v. Powers and duties of office bearers;
vi. Removal from office;
vii. Conduct of meetings; and,
viii. Procedures of conflict resolution.
(See attached template for guidance)

b). Service oriented: Service orientation is primarily concerned with promoting the concept that community is the client, and government policing agencies the service provider. This means that the various needs of the community must be taken into account, to enable the rendering of a professional, client-centred service that is effective, efficient and accountable.

c.) Partnership: The establishment of Nyumba Kumi, which should be broadly
representative of the community, is of crucial importance. An attempt should be
made to include all relevant stakeholders. This should be seen as a collaborative
effort to facilitate a process of problem solving. The main objective of this
partnership is to determine, through consultation, community needs and policing
priorities, and to promote government policing agencies’ accountability,
transparency and effectiveness.

d) Democratic: Activities, operations and meetings of Community Policing
committees shall be conducted in a democratic manner.

e) Linkages: There should be a structured manner of sharing information between community policing committees and Government Policing Agencies.

f) Flexibility: Operations of the committees should be flexible to allow adaptation to different environments and scenarios.

g) Problem solving: This relates to the joint identification and analysis of the actual and potential causes of insecurity, and conflict within communities. This analysis guides the development of measures to address such problems over the short, medium and long terms.

h) Conflict Resolution Mechanisms: Creating conflict resolution mechanisms
must be a key tenet of community policing strategy that enables Government
Policing Agencies to solve disputes or conflicts in partnership with the communities they serve and other local committees.

i) Empowerment: This refers to the creation of a sense of joint responsibility and a joint capacity for addressing security, service delivery, safety and security amongst the members of the community and Government Policing Agencies. This means that both are to be educated with regards to Nyumba Kumi, to enable all to play a constructive role in their respective jurisdictions.

j) Accountability: Accountability will be realized by creating mechanisms through which the Government Policing Agencies can be made answerable for addressing the needs and concerns of the communities they serve.

k) Recognition and appreciation: Members of the Community Policing
committees and Government Policing Agencies should be recognized and
appreciated through annual awards. This should be given during the Annual Nyumba Kumi Day.

 

MEMBERSHIP

a) Nyumba Kumi
The committee is composed of members of households or any other generic cluster. This is the basic level and the most critical of all the committees. Every member within the cluster is entitled to attend meetings and participate in decision making.

The households will democratically elect office bearers. The Chairperson will
represent the cluster in the Sub Locational community policing committee.

Other members are:
i. 3 members of public (ethnic balancing, gender, disability etc),
ii. 1representative from each religion that has a presence
iii. 1 business person,
iv. 1 County Government Representative,
v. 1 youth
vi. 1 woman
vii. Area assistant chief,
viii. 1 representative from each Government Policing Agency with a presence in
the cluster/locality, however they should not be more than 1/3 of the members
of the cluster.
ix. The Nyumba Kumi Committee will co-opt any specialized member of the
cluster for a period it deems necessary.
All office bearers except Government officials (who would have been selected on merit), must be democratically elected by the members of the cluster and the
respective security committee will supervise the election.

The office bearers of Nyumba Kumi committee will serve for a 2 year term and are eligible for  re-election. All permanent and bona fide residents of the cluster will be automatic members and academic qualification is not a prerequisite for membership. However, training of the members on effective community policing as per the Taskforce manual is mandatory.

b) Sub Location Community Policing Committee
i. The area Assistant chief;
ii. One representative from Nyumba Kumi committees in the Sub Location.
iii. One representative from each of the Government Policing Agencies with
a presence in the sub-location.
iv. Representative of County Government.
v. Ten members (taking into account of gender, area, ethnic, youth, people
living with disability etc), however the community must form 2/3 of the
membership.

The Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson, and the Secretary will be elected from
the members of the public.

c) Locational Community Policing Committee

i. The area Locational Chief;
ii. One representative from the various Sub Locational committees in the
Location.
iii. One representative from each of the Government Policing Agencies with
a presence in the location.
iv. Representative of County Government.
v. Ten members (taking into account of gender, area, ethnic, youth, people
living with disability etc), however the community must form 2/3 of the
membership.

The Chairperson and Vice-chairperson will be elected from the members of
the public.

d) Area/ Ward Community Policing Committee

i. The area Assistant County Commissioner;
ii. One representative from the Various Locational committees in the ward.
iii. One representative from each of the Government Policing Agencies with a
presence in the Ward
iv. Ten members (taking into account of gender, area, ethnic, youth, people living with disability etc), in any case, the community must form 2/3 of the
membership.
v. Area Member of County Assembly; and,
vi. Representative of County Government.
The Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson, and the Secretary will be elected from the
members of the public.

e) Sub- County Community Policing Committee

i. Deputy County Commissioner;
ii. One representative from each of the various area/ ward committees in the Sub
County.
iii. One representative from each of the Government Policing Agencies with a
presence in the sub-county
iv. Ten members (taking into account of gender, area, ethnic, youth, people living with disability etc), in any case, the community must form 2/3 of the membership
v. Area Member of Parliament; and,
vi. Representative of County Government.
The Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson and the Secretary will be elected from the
members of the public.

The Sub County Community Policing Committee will be charged with the
responsibility of monitoring and evaluating all other committees below it. This
includes coordination of community policing activities in these levels.

 (g) County Policing Advisory Committee (CPAC)

Membership is as per National Police Service Act.
Functions:
i. Similar to other community policing committees at county level.
ii. Supervision and coordinating of community policing activities in the county.
iii. Advise community policing committees
iv. Submit reports to the Cabinet Secretary Interior.

 

Community Policing

Community policing is anchored in Article 244 (e) of our constitution which requires the National Police Service to promote relationship with broader society.

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President Uhuru Kenyatta

"No matter how much we do, there will never be one policeman for everyone and unless we work together with the security forces, the responsibility lies on me and you,"

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